Old Acre, located on a peninsula, is one of the only cities along the Mediterranean coast, whose walls have been preserved intact, except for the two burglaries used today for the entry of motor vehicles (broken by the British).
Old Acre has many facades and is built of layers that were preserved almost intact. Four religions found the Mishkan and left their mark: the synagogues of the Jews, the magnificent churches in the Christian neighborhoods, the powerful mosques of the Moslems and the garden of the tomb of Baha Ola, the founder of the Bahá’í religion and “the house of Aboud.” Acco is characterized by pleasant weather for most of the year, and offers a spectacular beach, a cruise ship and a fishing port. It is a city steeped in history, the voices of the past emerging from every lane in it, and it excels in an atmosphere of freedom and romance. The walls that surround it serve an atmosphere of security for the traveler.
Acre is one of the oldest port cities in the world, and its documented history dates back to the Early Bronze Age. For many years it was a key city for the conquest of the Land of Israel, since its location on the wide coastal strip made it easy to reach the Galilee through the interior. She knew ups and downs and passed from hand to hand many times.
Acre reached its peak when it served as the capital of the Kingdom of Jerusalem in the 13th century and as the capital of Ahmad al-Jazzar at the end of the 18th century. Since the 19th century, the importance of the city has decreased, compared to Haifa, which became the main port city of the north of the country. Accordingly, the city’s development was slower than that of Haifa.
In 2001, the Old City of Acre was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO Seven years later, in 2008, the Bahá’í Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee were declared an additional World Heritage Site, and some of them, including the most sacred place of the Bahá’í Faith – The city is the only site in Israel that appears in two different proclamations on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In 2012, the promenade was renovated between the Old City and the new city and the “Barcelona Square” opened at the entrance to the Old City and in honor of the declaration of Acre and the city of Barcelona as “Twin Cities”.